Flow
August 30, 2023

How To Get Into Flow State: 8 Tips To Unlock Peak Performance

Steven Kotler
Written by
Steven Kotler
In this article:
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From finding your flow triggers to aligning your passion with the task at hand, learn how to get into flow state by creating a conducive environment and mindset.

Entering flow state requires a conducive environment and mindset that allows for complete concentration and immersion in the task at hand. 

From bustling offices to action-packed soccer fields, flow can show up anywhere. Inducing flow allows you to completely focus on the task at hand so your performance goes through the roof. However, learning how to get into flow state requires creating conducive conditions that can be refined through exploration and practice. 

Here, we outline eight essential steps to help you hack flow, from recognizing your passion and purpose to optimizing your environment for peak performance.

1. Find Your Flow Triggers

Types of flow triggers

Flow triggers are specific conditions and activities that help you set the stage for optimal performance. They vary from person to person, but flow triggers often involve a combination of your interests, skills, and the challenges presented by the task. Some common flow triggers include:

  • Passion, purpose, and curiosity: Apply your own meaning and values to a task to drive real engagement and enjoyment.
  • Clear goals: Setting well-defined and specific objectives provides an essential roadmap for your efforts.
  • Balancing challenge and skill: Ensure the task is challenging enough to push your skills to the next level and keep you engaged.
  • Risk: Accepting challenges or engaging in activities that involve a certain level of uncertainty will challenge your adaptive responses.
  • Creativity: Experiment with new and original ideas that encourage you to break away from routine thought patterns.

Reflect on activities that make you lose track of time, where you feel fully absorbed and energized. These are potential flow triggers.

2. Set Clear, Actionable Goals

To get into flow state, setting clear and actionable goals is paramount. Defining specific objectives for your task not only provides a roadmap for your efforts, but also contributes to a heightened sense of purpose and engagement.

Clear goals should follow the SMART goal framework:

  • Specific: The more detailed the goal, the easier it is to create a focused plan of action.
  • Measurable: A progress-tracking method allows you to monitor your performance and stay motivated by seeing your advancements.
  • Attainable: Ensure your goals are within (or just slightly exceed) your capabilities and skill level.
  • Relevant: Goals that contribute to your long-term aspirations provide a sense of purpose and direction.
  • Time-Bound: Setting a time limit creates a sense of urgency and helps you prioritize your efforts.

Regularly review and adjust your goals based on your progress and evolving skills. This flexibility ensures your goals keep you focused and motivated.

3. Locate Your Internal Locus of Control

Internal vs. external locus of control

To achieve a flow state, it's important to recognize and tap into your internal locus of control—the belief that you have the power to influence your outcomes. Since autonomy is a powerful flow trigger, it’s no surprise that flow states are more associated with areas of internal locus of control

Cultivating this mindset can enhance your sense of agency and confidence, both crucial for entering flow. However, locating your internal locus of control takes practice. Here are a few strategies to embrace it:

  • Practice self-affirmations: Positive self-affirmations help build self-efficacy. Remind yourself of past achievements and acknowledge your capabilities.
  • Establish meaningful goals: Establish goals that align with your values and aspirations. Working toward objectives that matter to you can enhance your motivation and commitment.
  • Visualize success: Imagine successful outcomes before engaging in an activity. Visualization can bolster your self-confidence and create a mental blueprint for achieving your goals.
  • Learn from failures: Instead of fearing failure, view it as a stepping stone toward improvement. Analyzing failures can provide insight for enhanced performance and a greater sense of control.

4. Align your Passion and Purpose

Forging a connection between your passions and purpose greatly enhances your chances of hacking flow. 

When your actions and intrinsic motivations align, you can facilitate a heightened sense of engagement and focus as the task becomes a reward in itself. To connect your passion and purpose to flow:

  • Identify activities you’re passionate about: Recognize activities that genuinely ignite your enthusiasm and curiosity. Engaging in tasks aligned with your passions can make it easier to immerse yourself fully.
  • Set clear intentions: Clarify how the activity aligns with your personal values and goals. This sense of purpose can amplify your intrinsic motivation and focus.
  • Seek intrinsic rewards: Look beyond external rewards and instead focus on the inherent satisfaction that comes from pursuing your passions. The joy of the activity itself becomes the driving force.
  • Reflect on impact: Consider how your passions contribute to your personal growth and the well-being of others. Recognizing the positive impact can infuse your efforts with a greater sense of meaning.

5. Balance Challenge and Skill

Illustration of the challenge skill ratio

To experience flow, there has to be a balance between your skill and the demands of the task you’re doing. Actively seek challenging tasks that push the boundaries of your abilities until you reach the skill/challenge sweet spot—what we refer to as the challenge/skill ratio

Tasks that are too easy might lead to boredom, while those that are too difficult could result in frustration and anxiety. Flow appears near the emotional midpoint between these two states. Here are the steps to assess your unique challenge/skill ratio:

  • Evaluate your current skill level: Recognize your strengths and areas for improvement to gauge where you stand. 
  • Choose appropriate challenges: Select tasks that align with your skills but also present a moderate level of challenge.
  • Progress over time: Gradually increase the complexity of tasks to match your growing skills to keep you consistently engaged and motivated.
  • Embrace a growth mindset: Adopt a growth mindset that views challenges as opportunities to expand your abilities.

6. Optimize Your Workspace

Creating your “temple of flow” sets the stage for a seamless transition into flow state. A well-organized and comfortable environment can minimize distractions, enhance your concentration, and contribute to a more immersive and engaging experience. Here are some tips to optimize your workspace:

  • Organize your materials beforehand: Arrange your materials and tools in an organized manner so they're easily accessible. This prevents disruptions as you search for items and helps maintain a smooth workflow. 
  • Become a minimalist in your setup: Remove anything from your workspace that doesn’t help you start work. 
  • Design a comfortable and ergonomic setup: Physical discomfort can disrupt your flow. If you work at a desk, you may want to invest in a quality chair or standing desk. Likewise, athletes should wear appropriate gear and footwear to prevent pain or injury. 
  • Add a personal touch: Personalize your workspace with items that inspire you or have personal significance. These visual cues can contribute to a positive and engaging atmosphere.
  • Seek natural light: Natural light is important for energy, mood, and circadian rhythms. If possible, situate yourself near a window, skylight, or, better yet, outdoors. 
  • Limit digital clutter: Keep digital clutter to a minimum on your computer or workspace. Close unnecessary tabs, files, and applications to help maintain mental clarity. Refrain from surfing the web or scrolling through social media during breaks. 
  • Create a ritual: Establish a pre-flow ritual to signal to your brain that it's time to enter a focused state. This could involve a brief meditation, deep breathing exercises, or reviewing your goals for the task. 

7. Start With Something You Love

Engaging in activities you know you enjoy is a great way to practice hacking flow because you’re naturally propelled into a state of deep engagement and heightened focus.

Reflect on your hobbies, skills, and areas of curiosity to pinpoint activities that genuinely captivate your attention and make you lose track of time. Don't hesitate to explore new activities related to your interests. Novelty can stimulate your curiosity and push you to engage more deeply.

Note your environment, mindset, and any other external or internal factors that may influence your ability to enter flow. Practice applying these elements in different settings to heighten your performance. 

Jack Butcher, renowned digital artist, graphic designer, and entrepreneur, is an expert at visualizing value when hacking flow during his creative process. Listen to our podcast on creativity and flow to learn how he turned his passion into a successful brand. 

8. Don’t Force It

Getting into flow state is an organic experience of genuine engagement and optimal performance—it cannot be forced. 

Trying too hard to achieve a flow state can create undue pressure and anxiety that hinders focus, creativity, and overall enjoyment of the task. Flow thrives in an atmosphere of relaxation and intrinsic motivation, not an environment of tension.

Instead of trying to force a flow state, focus on creating the optimal conditions for it to occur. Engage in tasks you enjoy, challenge yourself appropriately, maintain a relaxed mindset, and let go of the pressure to achieve flow. By cultivating an environment that supports natural engagement and genuine interest, you increase the likelihood of entering a flow state without the need for artificial effort.

Tips To Achieve Group Flow

Group flow occurs when a group of individuals experience a shared sense of engagement, focus, and synergy, similar to how you might experience flow during a solo activity. However, group flow can be even more powerful than individual flow because many of the neurochemicals released during flow are amplified in group settings. 

Here are some common flow triggers and tips to achieve group flow:

  • Create shared goals: Create SMART goals that resonate with all team members. 
  • Practice close listening: Establish respectful communication guidelines and actively acknowledge and validate shared ideas or perspectives. 
  • Set aside individual success: Encourage team members to prioritize the team’s greater good over personal recognition or individual achievements.
  • Foster equal participation: Set clear expectations and rotate leadership roles to ensure everyone has an opportunity to contribute and guide the group’s discussion. 
  • Encourage constant communication: Implement an open-door policy, use collaborative tools, and schedule regular meetings and check-ins to create an environment where ideas, decisions, and challenges can be met collectively. 

Common Flow Blockers (And How To Avoid Them)

Flow theory describes flow as a delicate state that requires the right conditions to thrive. Knowing what blocks flow is just as important as knowing how to induce flow. 

There are five main flow blockers to avoid: 

  • Distractions: External distractions, such as noise, notifications, or interruptions, can break focus and prevent the deep concentration necessary for flow. This is why controlling your inputs and environment is crucial to inducing flow. 
  • Negative thinking and a fixed mindset: Self-doubt, criticism, and negative self-talk can hinder confidence and block you from experiencing more flow. 
  • Wrong challenge/skill ratio: If the task is too challenging, too boring, or just not interesting, you won’t be motivated enough to induce flow state. 
  • No clear goals: Unclear or vague goals can lead to a lack of direction and make it challenging to stay engaged in the task.
  • Excessive pressure: You’re trying too hard. Overthinking, overtraining, not recovering, and burning out are the exact opposite conditions required to enter and sustain flow. 

Curious about what’s stopping you from experiencing flow? Take our Flow Blocker Quiz to discover and conquer your biggest performance challenges. 

Master the Art of Flow

Unlock your potential for heightened focus, creativity, and fulfillment by embracing these techniques to enter flow. By aligning your skills and challenges, creating conducive environments, and nurturing intrinsic motivation, you’re one step closer to experiencing your absolute full potential.

Want to join a community of flow hackers and get personalized training on how to perform better than ever under any conditions? ‍Apply to train with us.

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